We’ve provided references below for key information and data highlighted in our fact sheet.
- Center for Youth Wellness. A hidden crisis: Findings on Adverse Childhood Experiences in California. 2014.
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Vibrant and healthy kids: Aligning science, practice, and policy to advance health equity. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2019.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health. Picture of America—Our health and environment: Prevention. 2014.
- Mersky JP, Janczewski CE, Topitzes J. Rethinking the measurement of adversity: Moving toward second-generation research on Adverse Childhood Experiences. Child Maltreatment 2017; 22(1): 58-68.
- Merrick MT, Ford DC, Ports KA, et al. Vital signs: Estimated proportion of adult health problems attributable to Adverse Childhood Experiences and implications for prevention—25 states, 2015–2017. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2019; 68(44): 999-1005.
- Maguire-Jack K, Lanier P, Lombardi B. Investigating racial differences in clusters of Adverse Childhood Experiences. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 2019; 90(1): 106-14.
- Liu SR, Kia-Keating M, Nylund-Gibson K, Barnett ML. Co-occurring youth profiles of Adverse Childhood Experiences and protective factors: Associations with health, resilience, and racial disparities. American Journal of Community Psychology 2019; 65(1-2): 173-86.
- Liu SR, Kia-Keating M, Nylund-Gibson K. Patterns of adversity and pathways to health among White, Black, and Latinx youth. Child Abuse & Neglect 2018; 86: 89-99.